Irrigation may be needed to supplement natural rainfall. Raleigh St. Augustine is medium green in color, and has a SAD virus resistant and is best grown in heavier clay soils. For a lawn that takes very little effort to maintain, buffalo grass is the best option. Zoysia â Good in all soil types. 2. All St. Augustine grass turfs require a nitrogen-rich fertilizer. When you do water, wet the soil to a depth of 6 inches. St. Augustine grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) is a tropical grass that is the most popular turf from Florida to central Texas. Improved varieties are commonly referred to as “turftype” tall fescues. St. Augustinegrass is less drought tolerant than bermudagrass or zoysiagrass. For best results, a blend of three or four different Kentucky bluegrass varieties is recommended. The next steps are to prepare the soil properly for planting and establish a good maintenance program (mowing, fertilizing, irrigating, etc.) Improved varieties usually require less nitrogen fertilizer than bermudagrass. Another natural choice is Bahia grass, especially if you have poor soil. Warm-season grasses turn straw-colored at the first frost and may go dormant during the winter in Texas. However, tall fescue lawns will require more summer irrigation than either warm-season turfgrasses or Texas bluegrass. St. Augustinegrass varieties include Amerishade, Delmar, Floratam, Palmetto, Raleigh, Sapphire and Seville. Even in a coastal area, water usage can become a problem. Zoysiagrass varieties have improved in recent years and there are two types being produced in Texas. Green = The species is most adapted in this area. St. Augustine grass does enjoy a little shade, so it’s great for lawns with at least a few trees. Part of itâs drought resistance can make it invasive since it constantly seeds itself but it has few problems with pest and disease. Recommended: Scotts Turf Builder Grass Seed â Perennial Ryegrass Mix, 7 lb. Tipâs Turf cultivates their carpet grass in some of the richest soil in Texas and will always deliver freshly cut grass only hours after it has been harvested to the central Texas and Austin areas. There are very few centipedegrass varieties in the marketplace. However, sometimes only a fertilizer is necessary. Some varieties of Zoysia grass are hardier than others. Consider the following types of grass for a drought-proof lawn. It does not do well in the shade, however, and coverage can occasionally become thin. Requires the most watering. Then donât water again until the grass shows symptoms of drought stressâa dull, bluish color, rolled or folded leaves, and footprints that do not âspriâ¦ This is due to its superior shade tolerance relative to other warm-season grasses as well as its deep rooting potential and drought tolerance. Buffalo grass grows to about 4-6 inches tall but curls over to make it look shorter. Fortunately, you can choose from several heat tolerant varieties that will work in Texas and lessen the frequency of your lawn watering schedule in Houston. Neither seed nor sod is as readily available at this time as for the other grasses. Zoysia grass is equally fond of sun and shade so that it will work well under and near your trees. Do you have a question -or- need to contact an expert? It is drought, insect, and disease resistant and loves full sun. Raleigh St Augustine is the most widely grown variety of St. Augustine in Texas. However, there are many new turf-type varieties (more than 70) that perform better and have finer leaf texture. The newest turf study recommendations say a 2-1-0 ratio is plenty for St. Augustine. Bermuda â Easiest to maintain. St. Augustine-grass is less drought tolerant than bermudagrass or zoysiagrass. Floratam St. Augustine. To make sure you get the best product for your St Augustine grass, have a look at the table below before moving onto our buying guide. St. Augustinegrass varieties include Amerishade, Delmar, Floratam, Palmetto, Raleigh, Sapphire and Seville. Texas A&M Veterinary Medical Diagnostics Laboratory, Texas A&M College of Agrculture and Life Sciences, intended use (lawn, golf course, athletic field). To Summarize, the Top 3 Types of Grass in Texas are: St. Augustine â Very tolerant of weather but prefers less sun, more shade. St. Augustine grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) comes as sod, plugs and sprigs to plant in your lawn. For further information: http://soilcrop.tamu.edu http://aggieturf.tamu.edu http://agrilifebookstore.org/ (browse “Lawns” under “Lawn & Garden”), Download a printer-friendly version of this publication: Turfgrass Selection for Texas, View more Gardening & Landscaping information ». Everyone wants a lush carpet of grass on their lawn, and if you are in Texas then you know St. Augustine grass is one of the best choices of grass types for the climate we have. The more popular varieties (which are established from sod) include Density, Prairie, Prestige and 609. This browning off can make the lawn unsightly for many homeowners, who then seek to find a solution to this problem of lawn discoloration. They do not tolerate the summer heat and high humidity of most areas of the state. Do expect to mow your lawn frequently because it grows fast and tall. the northern one-third of the state. Named because buffalo did, in fact, graze on it, this grass is a natural choice for drought-resistant lawns. Drought can be a problem for Texans, so choosing the right grass seed or drought-resistant sod can make all the difference when it comes to the appearance of your residential or commercial property. Certain truisms exist in hot, humid Texas and one is that trees in a landscape will eventually shade the yard, and if the ground cover is grass, it needs to be shade-tolerant or you'll have bare soil and mud. Whatâs the Best Grass for Central & South Texas? It can be grown in most of Texas, although it may be killed by severe winters in the northern one-third of the state. However, neither seed nor sod is readily available yet. Site conditions include. It is tolerant of salinity in both soil and irrigation water and needs less nitrogen fertilizer than the improved bermudagrass varieties. 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