[122] This conception of the Veda, as a repertoire to be mastered and performed, takes precedence over the internal meaning or "autonomous message of the hymns. Literally, "the meaning of the Vedas made manifest.". Of the 18 major texts, six are Sattvic Puranas glorifying Vishnu; six are Rajasic and glorifying Brahma; and six are Tamasic and they glorifying Shiva. [1] The "circum-Vedic" texts, as well as the redaction of the Samhitas, date to c. 1000–500 BCE, resulting in a Vedic period, spanning the mid 2nd to mid 1st millennium BCE, or the Late Bronze Age and the Iron Age. Gods came later, after the creation of this universe. scriptures but they are still held in equal regard, The Vedas were orally transmitted since the 2nd Millenium BC. There are 1 Maha Purana, 17 Mukhya Puranas (Major Puranas) and 18 Upa Puranas (Minor Puranas), with over 400,000 verses. Wendy Doniger (1990), Textual Sources for the Study of Hinduism, 1st Edition, University of Chicago Press. As long as the purity of the sounds is preserved, the recitation of the mantras will be efficacious, irrespective of whether their discursive meaning is understood by human beings. 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Of the remaining, 34,857 appear in the other three Samhitas, and 16,405 are known only from Brahmanas, Upanishads or Sutras. (eds. Ludo Rocher (1986), The Puranas, Otto Harrassowitz Verlag. [167], The earliest and most ancient layer of Yajurveda samhita includes about 1,875 verses, that are distinct yet borrow and build upon the foundation of verses in Rigveda. [225][226] They are considered Vaidika (congruent with Vedic literature). 2.Yajur veda 3.Saama veda and 4.Adharvana vada. Moriz Winternitz (2010), A History of Indian Literature, Volume 1, Motilal Banarsidass. means “that which is heard” in Sanskrit and is used to describe the most authoritative and religious texts in Hinduism. [135] The Vedic canon in its entirety consists of texts from all the various Vedic schools taken together. [129] The uttara-kanda (or jnana-kanda),[note 20] the part of the Veda dealing with the knowledge of the absolute, gives knowledge of Parabrahma, "which fulfills all of our desires. https://sites.google.com/a/vedicgranth.org/www/what_are_vedic_granth/the-four-veda/interpretation-and-more/construction-of-the-vedas?mobile=true, Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary, Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, Seer of the Fifth Veda: Kr̥ṣṇa Dvaipāyana Vyāsa in the Mahābhārata, The Development of the Vedic Canon and its Schools : The Social and Political Milieu, Original Sanskrit Texts on the Origin and History of the People of India – their religion and institutions, The Rigvedic religious system and its central Asian and Hindukush antecedents, The Development of the Vedic Canon and its Schools, Atharva Veda 2.32 Bhaishagykni, Charm to secure perfect health, The Development of the Female Mind in India, "Origin and Development of Ayurveda: A Brief History", "Rig Veda in UNESCO Memory of the World Register", "Changing Conceptions of the Veda: From Speech-Acts to Magical Sounds", "Redefining the authority of scripture: The rejection of Vedic infallibility by Brahmo Samaj", Journal of the American Academy of Religion, "Early Sanskritization: Origin and Development of the Kuru state", "The Development of the Vedic Canon and its Schools: The Social and Political Milieu", "Autochthonous Aryans? all hindus accept the rgveda (this is the correct spelling, not rig-), the yajurveda, and the samaveda. 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