F.B.Forbes & Hemsl. Brassica juncea Name Synonyms Brassica besseriana Andrz. This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Brassica juncea is as edible, yellow-flowering plant grown as either an annual, biennial, or perennial depending upon the variety and the zone. Brassicaceae Mustard greens, Leaf mustard, Indian mustard, Rai, Brown mustard. It is summer-flowering, grows in sun, prefers regular water, and can be grown from seed in Zones 2-11. Brassica juncea is a natural amphidiploid (AABB genome, 2n=36) hybrid of Brassica rapa (AA genome, 2n=20) and Brassica nigra (BB genome, 2n=16). It is native to Central Asia and Russia, and cultivated widely. Indian mustard. Publisher John Murray Year 1991 ISBN 0-7195-4781-4 Description Well written and very informative.]. Hybrids between the two gene pools are heterotic for yield. Cultivars of B. juncea are grown for … Brassica besseriana Andrz. The leaves, seeds, and stems of this mustard variety are edible. Brassica juncea (AABB) is an allotetraploid species containing genomes of B. rapa (AA) and B. nigra (BB). Brassica juncea japonica. The leaf mustards have quite large smooth-edged edible leaves. Synonyms: Brassica integrifolia, Brassica japonica, Brassica juncea japonica, Sinapis juncea Family: Cruciferae Medicinal use of Brown Mustard: Although not usually used medicinally, the seed is a warming stimulant herb with antibiotic effects. Brassica juncea is an important plant for phytoremediation. A form of Brassica juncea that has been selected in the Orient for its edible swollen stem[206. This process uses organisms like plants to treat or extract harmful chemicals from hazardous waste sites. Brassica cernua var. 1983. Title Oriental Vegetables Publication Author Larkcom J. Rather similar to Brassica juncea crispifolia and combined with that group by some botanists. Brassica cernua (Thunb.) Axelsson et al. Two species and three types of mustards are grown in Western Canada: Sinapis alba (yellow mustard) and Brassica juncea (brown and oriental mustards). Synonyms: Brassica juncea megarrhiza Family: Cruciferae Medicinal use of Root Mustard: Reported to be anodyne, aperitif, diuretic, emetic, rubefacient, and stimulant, the plant is a folk remedy for arthritis, foot ache, lumbago, and rheumatism. The plant is often cultivated, especially in the Orient, for its edible leaves and stem. Brassica juncea integrifolia strumata. The plant appears in some form in African, Bangladeshi, Chinese, Italian, Indian, Japanese, Nepali, Pakistani, Korean, and African-American (soul food) cuisines. Mustard is a broadleaf, cruciferous, cool-seasoned annual oilseed crop produced primarily for the condiment market. Mustard greens originated in the Himalayan region of India and have been consumed for more than 5,000 years. Indian mustard, which has a high tolerance for heavy metals, is particularly adept at phytoremediation. Source: James A. Duke. Brassica juncea . Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. A form with large edible leaf stalks. The seed is used in the treatment of tumours in China. Mustard Greens (Brassica juncea variety rugosa) also known as Indian Mustard, Chinese Mustard and Leaf Mustard is a type of mustard plant with edible leaves, stem and seeds. B. juncea has two well-defined gene pools—Indian and east European. It is a major oilseed crop and medicinal plant in South Asia and China. Brassica cernua (Thunb.) Uses Food. Brassica juncea integrifolia subintegrifolia. Matsum. (2000) used linkage mapping to show that the B. juncea genome has remained largely unchanged since the hybridization event and contains the conserved genomes of both progenitor species. ex Trautv. 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